Structural Model

A structural model is a description of a circuit at the abstraction level of logic gates. This type of model could be seen as a textual representation of a schematic. Modelling at such a low-level is to be contrasted with dataflow modelling and behavioural modelling which are done at a higher level of abstraction.


Consider a half adder which adds bits A and B giving the sum S and carry C. The truth table below gives the specification:

 A  B  S  C 

The simplified equations for the half adder are:

In schematic form this is:

Below is a Verilog structural model which shows just how closely a schematic and structural model match each other. In the code, the first argument to xor and and is the gate output, the other arguments are gate inputs.

module half_adder(S, C, A, B);
   output S;
   output C;
   input  A;
   input  B;

   xor(S, A, B); 
   and(C, A, B);


Mano, M. Morris, and Kime, Charles R. Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals. 2nd Edition. Prentice Hall, 2000.
Kleitz, W. Digital Microprocessor Fundamentals. 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall, 2000.